Colin Ward
Professor Colin Ward
BSc, PhD (UNSW), FAusIMM(CP), FAIG
Role: 
Professorial Visiting Fellow
Field of Research: 
Coal geology; Sedimentary mineralogy
Contact details:
Phone: 
+61 2 9385 8718
Office: 

Room 550
Biological Sciences North (D26)
UNSW, Kensington 2052

Research & Current Projects


RESEARCH INTERESTS

Coal Geology:Nature and significance of mineral matter in coal; Advanced techniques for coal characterisation; Mineralogy, impact and use of coal combustion products.

Sedimentary Mineralogy:Clays and other minerals in sediments and sedimentary rocks; Relation of mineralogy to engineering characteristics of sandstone, slate and other rock materials.

CURRENT PROJECTS

Mineral matter and trace elements in Chinese, Brazilian and Australian coal deposits; Use of field-portable and core-scanning XRF techniques in coal analysis; Formation of slags and other deposits in coal-fired furnaces; Modes of iron occurrence in lower-rank coals.

 

Honours and Awards


John Castaño Honorary Member Award, the Society for Organic Petrology (2012) - http://www.tsop.org/castanoaward.htm

Ralph J. Gray Award for Best Published Paper in Organic Petrology, the Society for Organic Petrology (2011) - http://www.tsop.org/grayaward.htm

Gilbert H. Cady Award for Outstanding Contribution to Coal Geology, Coal Geology Division, Geological Society of America (2010) - http://www.geosociety.org/awards/10speeches/cady.htm

Award for Excellence in Coal Geology, Coalfield Geology Council of New South Wales (1998) - http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/resources/coal/cgc-nsw/award-of-excellence

 

Research Students


CURRENT

Michael Frey (PhD candidate) – Coal mining and associations with groundwater methane abundance, Hunter Coalfield, northern Sydney Basin: An evaluation staged in proximal and distal settings (co-supervisor)

RECENT/PAST

Lei Zhao (PhD, 2013) – Mineralogy and geochemistry of Permian coal seams of the Sydney Basin, Australia, and the Songzao Coalfield, SW China (supervisor)

Kaydy Pinetown (PhD, 2012) – Geological controls on coal seam gas distribution in the Hunter Coalfield, Sydney Basin, NSW (supervisor)

Asep Permana (MSc, 2011) – Mineralogical variation and changes in the South Walker Creek coals, Bowen Basin, Queensland, Australia (supervisor)

 

Teaching


GEOS2171 – Environments and Landforms (Guest Lecturer)

GEOS2181 – Earth Materials (Guest Lecturer)

GEOS3141 – Mineral and Energy Resources (Guest Lecturer)

 

Publications (selected)


BOOKS AND MONOGRAPHS

Ward, C.R., Dai, S. (editors), 2012. Special issue: Minerals and trace elements in coal. International Journal of Coal Geology, 94, 348 pp.

Gurba, L.W., Heidrich, C., Ward, C.R. (editors), 2007.  Coal Combustion Products Handbook.  Co-operative Research Centre for Coal in Sustainable Development, Brisbane, 414 pp.

Lawrence, L.J., Ward, C.R., Neef, G. and Rickwood, P.C., 2003.  Fifty Plus – Geology at the University of New South Wales, 1949-2002.  School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 88 pp.

McNally, G.H., Ward, C.R. (editors), 1996. Geology in Longwall Mining, Coalfield Geology Council of New South Wales, Sydney, 280 pp.

Ward, C.R., Harrington, H.J., Mallett, C.W., Beeston, J.W. (editors), 1995.  “Geology of Australian Coal Basins”, Geological Society of Australia Coal Geology Group, Special Publication 1, 590 pp.

Ward, C.R. (editor), 1984.  Coal Geology and Coal Technology.  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Melbourne, 345 pp.

REFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES

Creelman, R.A., Ward, C.R., Schumacher, G., Juniper, L., 2013. Relation between coal mineral matter and deposit mineralogy in PF furnaces. Energy & Fuels, in press.

Oliveira, M.L., Ward, C.R., Sampaio, C.H., Querol, X., Cutruneo, C.M.N.L, Taffarel, S.R., Silva, L.F.O., 2013. Partitioning of mineralogical and inorganic geochemical components of coals from Santa Catarina, Brazil, by industrial beneficiation processes. International Journal of Coal Geology 116-117, 75-92.

Permana, A., Ward, C.R., Li, Z., Gurba, L.W., 2013. Distribution and origin of minerals in high-rank coals of the South Walker Creek area, Bowen Basin, Australia. International Journal of Coal Geology 116-117, 185-207.

Zhao, L., Ward, C.R., French, D., Graham, I.T., 2013. Mineralogical composition of Late Permian coal seams in the Songzao Coalfield, southwestern China. International Journal of Coal Geology 116-117, 208-226.

Golab, A., Ward, C.R., Permana, A., Lennox, P., Botha, P., 2013. High-resolution three-dimensional imaging of coal using microfocus X-ray computed tomography, with special reference to modes of mineral occurrence. International Journal of Coal Geology 113, 97-108.

Dai, S., Jiang, Y., Ward, C.R., Gu, L., Seredin, V.V., Liu, H., Zhou, D., Wang, X., Sun, Y., Zou, J. Ren, D., 2012. Mineralogical and geochemical compositions of the coal in the Guanbanwusu Mine, Inner Mongolia, China: Further evidence for the existence of an Al (Ga and REE) ore deposit in the Jungar Coalfield. International Journal of Coal Geology, 98, 10-40.

Zhao, L., Ward. C.R., French, D., Graham, I.T., 2012. Mineralogy of the volcanic-influenced Great Northern coal seam in the Sydney Basin, Australia. International Journal of Coal Geology 94, 94-110.

Dai, S., Zou, J., Jiang, Y., Ward, C.R., Wang, X., Li, T, Xue, W., Liu, S., Tian, H., Sun, X., and Zhou, D., 2012. Mineralogical and geochemical compositions of the Pennsylvanian coal in the Adaohai Mine, Daqingshan Coalfield, Inner Mongolia, China: Modes of occurrence and origin of diaspore, gorceixite, and ammonian illite. International Journal of Coal Geology 94, 250-270.

Oliveira, M.L., Ward, C.R., French, D., Hower, J.C., Querol, X., Silva, L.F.O., 2012.  Mineralogy and leaching characteristics of beneficiated coal products from Santa Catarina, Brazil. International Journal of Coal Geology 94, 314-323.

Matjie, R.H., Ward, C.R., Li, Z., 2012. Mineralogical transformations in coal feedstocks during carbon conversion, based on packed bed combustor tests, Part 1: Bulk coal ash studies. Coal Combustion and Gasification Products, 4, 45-54.

Matjie, R.H., Ward, C.R., Li,Z., 2012. Mineralogical transformations in coal feedstocks during carbon conversion, based on packed bed combustor tests, Part 2: Behaviour of individual particles. Coal Combustion and Gasification Products, 4, 55-67.

Ward, C.R., French, D., Riley, K., Stephenson, L., Farrell, O., Li, Z., 2011. Element leachability from a coal stockpile and associated coastal sand deposits. Fuel Processing Technology 92, 817-824.

Matjie, R.H., French, D., Ward, C.R., Pistorius, P.C., Li, Z., 2011. Behaviour of coal mineral matter in sintering and slagging of ash during the gasification process. Fuel Processing Technology 92, 1426-1433.

Ward, C.R., French, D., Stephenson, L.G., Riley, K., Li, Z., 2010.  Testing of interactions between coal ash leachates and rock materials for mine backfill evaluations.  Coal Combustion and Gasification Products 2, 15-27.

Li, Z., Ward, C.R., Gurba, L.W., 2010.  Occurrence of non-mineral inorganic elements in macerals of low-rank coals.  International Journal of Coal Geology 81, 242-250.

Li, Z., Fredericks, P.M., Ward, C.R., Rintoul, L., 2010.  Chemical functionalities of high and low sulfur Australian coals: A case study using micro attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectrometry. Organic Geochemistry 41, 554-558.

Koukouzas, N., Kalaitzidis, S.P., Ward, C.R., 2010.  Organic petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical features of the Achlada and Mavropigi lignite deposits, NW Macedonia, Greece. International Journal of Coal Geology 83, 387-395.

Ward, C.R., French, D., Jankowski, J., Dubikova, M., Li, Z., Riley, K., 2009.  Element mobility from fresh and long-stored acidic fly ashes associated with an Australian power station. International Journal of Coal Geology 80, 224-236.

Hlatshwayo, T.B., Matjie, R.H., Li, Z., Ward, C.R., 2009.  Mineralogical characterization of Sasol feed coals and corresponding gasification ash constituents.  Energy & Fuels 23, 2867-2873.

Fatimah, Ward, C.R., 2009. Mineralogy and organic petrology of oil shales in the Sangkarewang Formation, Ombilin Basin, West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Coal Geology 77, 424-435.

Matjie, R.H., Li, Z., Ward. C.R., French, D., 2008. Chemical composition of glass and crystalline phases in coarse gasification ash.  Fuel 87, 857-869.

Ward, C.R., Li, Z., Gurba, L.W., 2008. Comparison of elemental composition of macerals determined by electron microprobe to whole-coal ultimate analysis data.  International Journal of Coal Geology 75, 157-165.

Carmona-Lopez, I., Ward, C.R., 2008.  Composition and mode of occurrence of mineral matter in some Colombian coals.  International Journal of Coal Geology 73, 3-18.

Ward, C.R., Li., Z., Gurba, L.W., 2007.  Variations in elemental composition of macerals with vitrinite reflectance and organic sulphur in the Greta Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia, International Journal of Coal Geology 69, 205-219.

Li, Z., Fredericks, P.M., Rintoul, L., Ward, C.R., 2007.  Application of attenuated total reflectance micro-Fourier transform infra-red (ATR-FTIR) analysis to the study of coal macerals: examples from the Bowen Basin, Australia.  International Journal of Coal Geology 70, 87-94.

Li, Z., Ward, C.R., Gurba, L.W., 2007.  Occurrence of non-mineral inorganic elements in low-rank coal macerals as shown by electron microprobe element mapping techniques.  International Journal of Coal Geology 70, 137-149.

Pinetown, K.L., Ward, C.R., van der Westhuizen, W.A., 2007.  Quantitative evaluation of minerals in coal deposits in the Witbank and Highveld Coalfields and the potential impact on acid mine drainage.  International Journal of Coal Geology 70, 166-183.

Jankowski, J., Ward, C.R., French, D., Groves, S., 2006. Mobility of trace elements from selected Australian fly ashes and its potential impact on aquatic ecosystems. Fuel 85, 243-256.

Ward, C.R. and French, D., 2006. Determination of glass content and estimation of glass composition in fly ash using quantitative X-ray diffractometry.  Fuel 85, 2268–2277.

Susilawati, R. and Ward, C.R., 2006.  Metamorphism of mineral matter in coal from the Bukit Asam deposit, south Sumatra, Indonesia.  International Journal of Coal Geology 68, 171-195.

Ward, C.R., Nunt-jaruwong, S., Swanson, J., 2005. Use of mineralogical analysis in geotechnical assessment of rock strata for coal mining.  International Journal of Coal Geology 64, 156-171.

Ward, C.R., Li, Z., Gurba, L.W., 2005.  Variations in coal maceral chemistry with rank advance in the German Creek and Moranbah Coal Measures of the Bowen Basin, Australia, using electron microprobe techniques.  International Journal of Coal Geology 63, 117-129.

Ward, C.R., Gomez-Fernandez, F., 2003.  Quantitative mineralogical analysis of Spanish roofing slates using the Rietveld method and X-ray powder diffraction data.  European Journal of Mineralogy 15, 1051-1062.

Ward, C.R., 2002.  Analysis and significance of mineral matter in coal seams.  International Journal of Coal Geology 50, 135-168.

Gurba, L.W., Ward, C.R., 2000.  Elemental composition of coal macerals in relation to vitrinite reflectance, Gunnedah Basin, Australia, as determined by electron microprobe analysis.  International Journal of Coal Geology 44, 127-147.

Ward, C.R., Matulis, C.E., Taylor, J.C., Dale, L.S., 2001.  Quantification of mineral matter in the Argonne Premium Coals using interactive Rietveld-based X-ray diffraction. International Journal of Coal Geology 46, 67-82.

Ward, C.R., Crouch, A., Cohen, D.R., 2001. Identification of potential for methane ignition by rock friction in Australian coal mines.  International Journal of Coal Geology 45, 91-103.

Ward, C.R., Spears, D.A., Booth, C.A., Staton, I., Gurba. L.W., 1999.  Mineral matter and trace elements in coals of the Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales, Australia.  International Journal of Coal Geology 40, 281-308.

Ward, C.R., Taylor, J.C., Cohen, D.R., 1999.  Quantitative mineralogy of sandstones by X-ray diffractometry and normative analysis.  Journal of Sedimentary Research 69, 1050-1062.